Hypermetabolism in ALS Linked to Greater Functional Decline and Shorter Survival, Study Says

Hypermetabolism in ALS Linked to Greater Functional Decline and Shorter Survival, Study Says

Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) show high prevalence of hypermetabolism, which leads to more rapid physical decline and earlier death, new study reports.

The research, “Hypermetabolism in ALS is associated with greater functional decline and shorter survival,” appeared in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

Metabolic alterations have been substantially shown in ALS patients. Analyses of the prevalence of hypermetabolism – defined as a significant elevation in measured resting energy expenditure relative to predicted resting energy expenditure – suggests occurrence in 25 percent to 68 percent in sporadic ALS, while all familial ALS patients develop this condition, according to reports.

To date, ALS studies have addressed hypermetabolism using predictions of resting energy expenditure that fail to correct for muscle atrophy. As these predictions in ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, are affected by patients’ percentage of fat-free mass, previous predictions of the prevalence and impact of hypermetabolism in ALS may be incorrect.

In the new study, Australian scientists aimed to determine the prevalence of hypermetabolism, relative to body composition, in ALS patients, compared with healthy controls.

The researchers conducted assessments of energy expenditure in 58 patients with definite or probable ALS and 58 age and sex-matched controls. They also evaluated the link between hypermetabolism and clinical parameters of ALS over a period of 12 months. Survival was assessed during a 30-month period following metabolic analysis.

Results revealed that hypermetabolism was more prevalent in ALS patients than in controls. The data further showed similar results between hypermetabolic and normometabolic (normal metabolism) ALS patients regarding changes in body weight, body mass index, and fat mass. The authors attributed these similarities to dietary management, with patients increasing their energy intake to balance greater energy demand.

However, a mean lower motor neuron score, an indication of motor neuron degeneration – a hallmark of ALS and previously associated with earlier death – was greater in hypermetabolic patients.

The data also demonstrated that, compared to patients with normal metabolism, those with hypermetabolism had a more rapid decline in the Revised ALS Functional Rating Scale – used to assess alterations in physical functioning – over the 12 months following metabolic assessment.

Researchers also found that hypermetabolism was inversely correlated with survival. Hypermetabolic patients had an increased risk of death during follow-up of 220 percent. “Our data are the first to indicate that hypermetabolism is a prognostic factor for ALS,” the investigators wrote.

“Our primary finding is an increase in prevalence of hypermetabolism in patients with ALS compared with an age and sex-matched control population,” the researchers wrote. “Hypermetabolic patients with ALS have a greater level of lower motor neuron involvement, faster rate of functional decline and shorter survival,” they added.

Among the study’s limitations, the authors cautioned, is that accounting for patients’ dietary and caloric intake is required to fully assess the impact of changes in energy processes in ALS. Also, the researchers could not determine whether hypermetabolism is an early event in ALS or if it occurs as a consequence of disease worsening. They also mentioned the small group of participants, which warrants replication of the findings in a larger study.

3 comments

  1. Charlie says:

    Wow, isn’t that just so fascinating? (And utterly useless)

    “Also, the researchers could not determine whether hypermetabolism is an early event in ALS or if it occurs as a consequence of disease worsening.”
    Yes indeed; just what we need…more questions, queries and puzzles…..

  2. Kathy says:

    Well I have ALS and I am hypermetabolism and I am still working at the same rate I began when I was told I had plus now they say a person with this condition will not live long wow. Wellness Tip
    “NIGHT OWLS” HAVE INCREASED MORTALITY
    A recent study published in the Chronobiology International Journal tracked almost half a million adults over a 6½ year period. The researchers found that those people who identified as “night owls” at the beginning of the study had a 10% increased risk of all-cause mortality compared with self-described morning types or “larks.” Night owls were also more likely to have diabetes, neurological disorders, psychological disorders, gastrointestinal disorders and respiratory disorders according to the study.

    Some strategies known to help people trying to switch to an earlier schedule include gradually advancing your bedtime and avoiding the use of technology at night. Of course eating right, exercising and getting enough sleep can also be helpful in off-setting the risks of being a “night owl.”
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